There are many kinds of sentences that you come across while you are reading something. The structure of each sentence varies a lot. There are some sentences which are quite short and precise, while some which are long and complicated. If you want to excel at writing or if you are just a casual reader curious about the types of sentences, then this is a comprehensive guide precisely for you. Of course, you cannot keep on using simple sentences throughout a piece of writing. Knowing and comprehending complex and compound sentences and what makes them different from each other is also essential.
Kinds of Clauses:
Let us begin this guide by reviewing the kinds of clauses in grammar. A phrase, in general terms, is a collection of words that must contain a subject and verb. Note that with both of them missing, the group of some words will not portray a clause. As you might already know that subject refers to the doer of the action, and the verb refers to the work itself. In general grammar, there are two kinds of clauses. One is independent, and the other is subordinate. Let’s check what each of these types means.
Independent Kind of Clauses:
A collection of words or clause that has a subject-verb containment in it is independent. You can regard it as a whole idea. There may be more words to describe the subject and the verb. The describing terms are modifiers. Some examples might help to explain:
This clause has only two words, but as one is a subject, and the other is a verb, it is an independent phrase. Hence, you can also say that it is a complete piece of concept.
The angry mother scolded loudly.
The example above is a bit different from the previous one. It has more words, and those are all modifiers or the subject and the verb. The thought is still complete as the subject and verb pair is right there. It might be difficult for people to write and understand essays and articles, but that is not at all a problem for Assignment Help.
Subordinate Kind of Clauses:
A clause with the necessary subject-verb containment may even contain some modifiers, but has a sense of incompletion is a subordinate or dependent clause. The thought is not complete and cannot make sense on its own. Some examples for them are:
Because Max loves potatoes
As stated, there are the necessary elements available in the clause, but still, it lacks some sense. You cannot regard it as a whole concept.
When Sarah went home
The above clause is still not complete even with a subject, verb, and some modifiers. Now that you have understood the types of phrases that we have, we will move to define Compound and complex sentences to you.
Understanding Compound Sentences:
Among the four main structures of a sentence, there are compound sentences. They contain at least two clauses which are independent and express something similar. It is a combination of sentences which have close relations with each other and get connected by using a conjunction or a comma. It eliminates the monotonous tone in multiple sentences. Also, it adds variety to your writing. There are many ways to join two independent clauses together, but none of them has any effect on the quality or rank of the term. Let us provide an example of a compound sentence:
I read, and he translated.
The above example has a sentence having two independent clauses combined through a connecting word.
Explaining Complex Sentences:
These are also among the four fundamental sentence structures. It also consists of an independent clause. But it combines with a dependent clause though subordinating conjunction. By linking a dependent and independent phrase, a complex sentence gets formulated that indicates a relationship between specific ideas and also states which is essential.
She smiles when she sings.
In this example, there are two combined clauses which are independent and subordinate.
The Main Difference:
While you are learning grammatical structures, there are most of the times when complex and complicated sentences almost seem similar. And it is entirely normal and common among people. There is one thing that can help you recognize it right away and to make it easier for you to comprehend. It is the joining word. The type of conjunction that links two clauses together is the key to find out kind of sentence you have in front of you. Sentences having coordinate conjunction are Compound, and with subordinating conjunction, are Complex.
To summarize the whole point, in Compound vs complex sentences, there is the main play of the link word. We hope this helped you in exploring the two significant types of sentences that you come across daily.